Guerrilla warfare and special forces operations bits. Conclusions the nature of the environment in guerrilla warfare does not permit sophisticated facilities for psychological operations, and the facetoface persuasion of the guerrilla combatantpropagandists with the people is an effective and available tool which we should use as much as possible during the process of the struggle. Guerrilla warfare comprises combat operations conducted in. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Psychological operations in guerilla warfare pdf free download. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare was a manual written by the central intelligence agency cia for the nicaraguan contras, who were involved in a. Investigating the terror covert operations documents. Lecture given by sir leslie glass to the national defence college on 14 march 1973.
What are some in famous examples of psychological warfare. Perception management is a key component of information operations. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple faq for additional information. Psychological, operations, in, guerrilla, warfare, audio, text, pdf language english. The target, then, is the minds of the population, all the population. It was largely as a result of mcclures status and foresight that the army developed its first capability to conduct unconventional warfare. Operations into the factor that determines the results. Guerilla tactics tied to greater ptsd risk for vets. Well by special forces, i expect you are referring to commandos and such. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or reinforce.
Psychological operations journal of information warfare. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare download psychological operations in guerrilla warfare ebook pdf or read online books in pdf, epub, and mobi format. Cia manual for psychological operations in guerrilla warfare. Fm 3115, operations against irregular forces 1961 fm 3116 counter guerrilla operations 1963 fm 908 counterguerrilla. The strategy of guerrilla warfare is manifestly unlike that employed in orthodox operations, as the basic tactic of the former is constant activity and movement. Cia releases full contras manual on psychological operations in. Sir leslie charles glass was an army officer in the psychological warfare division in south east asia in the second world war, directorgeneral of information in cyprus during the emergency and later chairman of the counter subversion committee. The antagonists just maim or kill each others people, and steal or destroy each others land, until one side is hurt so badly that it gives up or both sides are hurt so badly that they agree to stop short of victory. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare wikipedia. Feb 09, 2016 well by special forces, i expect you are referring to commandos and such.
Psychological operations tactics, techniques, and procedures. The ninetypage book of instructions focused mainly on how armed propaganda teams. As being said, the guerilla warfare is a political war, which means that its overall place of operations have exceeded the traditional warfares territorial limits in order to infiltrate the political entity that has been defined by aristotle. Although the term gained wide currency in popular and scientific discussions in the united states and europe within a decade after the end of world war ii, meanings ascribed to it were not always clear, and there were several views concerning. Findley pdf with commentary at air university press filed under. Psychological warfare operations are integral to the broad concept of information warfare xinxi zhanzheng. Psychological warfare psywar, or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations psyop, have been known by many other names or terms, including psy ops, political warfare, hearts and minds, and propaganda. Psychological warfare is a term that came into vogue in the united states during world war n to identify an activity as old as the history of conflict. Rand has studied military information support operations miso in many countries and war zones and has provided objective and supportable recommendations to.
After doing some research on the topic of psychological guerrilla warfare, i myself come to the conclusion. It has sections that specialize in operations, plans, training, intelligence and information, and logistics including supply and transportation. Weaponry and tactics total resistance swiss army guide to. Fm 3115, operations against irregular forces 1961 fm 3116 counterguerrilla operations 1963 fm 908 counterguerrilla. An analysis of recent conflicts has demonstrated the value of psychological operationswarfare on and off the battlefield. Combat arms urges gun owners in the united states to become very familiar with the contents of this manual and to discuss it among your family. As a result, military authorities are now beginning to accept the fact that psychological operations is a very special combat weaponone that every military commander must consider employing, and defending against, if he. Cia releases full contras manual on psychological operations. During nicaraguas civil war in the 1980s, the central intelligence agency cia commissioned a manual for the rebel contras of the nicaraguan democratic force fdn, entitled psychological operations in guerrilla warfare. Such propaganda is generally intended to demoralize the enemy, to break his will to fight or resist, and sometimes to render him favourably disposed to.
You can narrow or broaden the context of this timeline by adjusting the zoom level. Cia manual psychological operations in guerilla warfare. Experience has demonstrated conclusively that psychological warfare is a highly effective weapon which can be used to minimize expenditure of human life and destruction of property. Manual for psychological operations in guerrilla warfare. There is in guerrilla warfare no such thing as a decisive battle. Because there are also task forces made up of support units designed. Guerrilla groups are a type of violent nonstate actor.
Whether or not we realize it, most of us have developed quite a toolkit for manipulating the thinking and behavior of others. The psychological operations in guerrilla warfare have great impacts into the lives of many people. Psychological warfare, the use of propaganda against an enemy, supported by such military, economic, or political measures as may be required. The urban guerrilla is aman who fights rhe military dictatorship with arms, using unconventional merhods. Psychological warfare definition of psychological warfare. What is new about psychological warfare is the manner in which it recently has been systematically organized and used as an integral part of military operations. In response to a foia appeal by emma best, the central intelligence agency has released in full a copy of psychological operations in guerrilla warfare, a manual on armed propaganda techniques written for the nicaraguan contras during the civil war of the mid80s. Agency and distributed to the contras in central america.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hitandrun tactics, and mobility, to fight a larger and lessmobile traditional military. Cia psychological operations in guerrilla warfare a tactical manual for the revolutionary. Public affairs, public diplomacy, psychological operations, deception, and covert action. Ordinary warfare, on the other hand, is characterized by its lack of reason. An example of such as group is the us armys 4th pog. A political revolutionary and an ardent patriot, he is a fighter for his countrys liberation, a friend of the people and of freedom. Cia psychological operations in guerrilla warfare back nicaragua. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Guerrilla organization ranges from small, local rebel groups of a few dozen guerrillas, to thousands of fighters, deploying from cells to regiments. This article presents a taxonomy of perception management, which is seen as comprising five principal subelements. Dec 18, 2017 in response to a foia appeal by emma best, the central intelligence agency has released in full a copy of psychological operations in guerrilla warfare, a manual on armed propaganda techniques written for the nicaraguan contras during the civil war of the mid80s. Because there are also task forces made up of support units designed to engage in psychological warfare like propaganda. Destroy by any method that must prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document. Therefore, its area of operations exceeds the territorial limits of conventional warfare, to penetrate the political.
Cia textbook on psychological operations in guerrilla warfare. This conception of guerrilla warfare as political war turns psychological operations into the decisive factor of the results. Therefore, its area of operations exceeds the territorial limits of conventional warfare, to penetrate the political entity itself. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading cia manual for psychological operations in guerrilla. Combatantpropagandist guerrillas in order to obtain the maximum results from the psychological operations in guerrilla warfare, every combatant should be as highly. Guerrilla warfare is born and grows in the political environment.
Cia manual for psychological operations in guerrilla warfare kindle edition by clarridge, duane ramsdell, c. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare flow psychology. Veterans who have faced guerilla warfare tactics, such as suicide attacks and roadside bombs, are at greater risk for posttraumatic stress disorder ptsd than those who. On guerrilla warfare ch 2 marxists internet archive. Page 60 general mcclure created a staff with responsibilities for both psychological and unconventional warfare. In effect, the human being should be considered the priority objective in a political war. I have just modified 7 external links on psychological operations in guerrilla warfare.
It was revealed by the associated press on october 15, 1984. Urban guerrilla warfare or psychological war fare in the city depends on rhe urban guerrilla. Below, is a list of articles that will help you to identify the. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare, by tayacan text at filed. Psychological warfare definition is things that are done to make someone such as an enemy or opponent become less confident or to feel hopeless, afraid, etc how to use psychological warfare in. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare stormfront. In most cases, the leaders have clear political aims for the warfare they wage. Psychological warfare, psychological operations, and. Click download or read online button to psychological operations in guerrilla warfare book pdf for free now. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare a tactical manual for the revolutionary that was published by the central intelligence agency and distributed to. Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare by tayac n a tactical manual for the revolutionary that was published by the central intelligence agency and distributed to the contras in central america.
Psychological warfare involves the planned use of propaganda and other psychological operations to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of opposition groups. A product of the information age, information warfare. The fourth psychological operations group 4th pog of the us army is an active psychological operations unit located at fort bragg, north carolina. Us army field manuals on counterinsurgency and unconventional warfare. Manual for psychological operations in guerrilla warfare by nagy, a m isbn.
Psychological operations in guerrilla warfare drug news bot. Cia training manual provides instruction on psychological operations in guerrilla warfare. This concept of guerrilla warfare as a political war turns psychological. Total resistance is an official swiss manual for resistance to enemy occupation of switzerland. Phoenix programme pdf psychological operations in guerrilla warfare a tactical manual for the revolutionary.899 1379 179 1367 462 701 709 427 209 1033 807 727 998 768 218 1052 80 774 704 924 665 1367 1368 928 315 252 982 1185 572 1112 693 211