Some manufacturers include the release bearing as part of the clutch release mechanism. As the name suggests, it has only one clutch plate. The clutch is intended for general starting of the automobile from rest, disconnecting the engine form the transmission in order to shift gears, and for avoiding the effect of large dynamic loads on the transmission which appear in transient conditions and on moving on different types of roads the frictionclutch design, besides allowing for the main requirements minimum clutch weight. This is in fact a single or multi plate clutch whereas the clutch and friction plate material is. For this study, an efficient and reliable analysis technique for the design of the mechanical clutch plates is used by using ansys 16. Clutches theory of machines engineering reference with. Clamp load calculation the axial force required for. Gstudent 2,4assistance professor 1,2,3,4department of mechanical engineering 1,2,3,4noble group of institution, junagadh, gujarat. These springs help to isolate the transmission from the shock of the clutch engaging. The paper contains the designing and analysis of diaphragm spring used for the generation of clamping load. The final files for this single plate clutch, approx.
In order to determine the loss portions of the individual actuation components, as well as the dependence of these losses on temperature, the representation illustrated in figure 5 was used for the entire system analysis. The modelling of clutch plate is done in solidworks software and the analysis is done in ansys software and the results of the three variants are compared. Dec 08, 2016 solidworks tutorial complete clutch, with its parts names and materials, the flywheel can be connected to our engine. Design and analysis of clutch plate for automatic single plate clutch ijsrdvol. The plots for equivalent stress, total deformation and factor of safety were obtained and the design was continuously optimized till a safe design was obtained. One end of the band is attached to the fulcrum of the brake. Structural and thermal analysis of single plate clutch using cae tools saurabh pathak 1 ravikant 2 om parkash 3 1,2,3 department of mechanical and automation engineering. This project also suggests three design modifications to the company to improve the lifetime of the clutch plate. The parts of a single plate clutch can be seen below. The clutch is of the single plate type and both sides of the plate are effective. Structural and thermal analysis of single plate clutch using. This project finds the maximum stress in failure region during operation. The advantages of the dry singledisc clutch were clear. Due to friction between the flywheel and clutch plate and the pressure plate, the clutch plate revolves.
The main objective of the paper is to design and analyze the clutch plate shown in fig. Give a complete design analysis of a single plate clutch, with both sides effective, of a vehicle totransmit 22 kw at a speed of 2800 r. Design and analysis of diaphragm spring of a single plate. An experimental work is also performed to observe the strength and deformations of. For structural analysis hypermesh software is used. The clutch has the same overall dimensions of the metric bearing. The pseudorigidbody model prbm, rigidbody replacement synthesis, forcedeflection analysis, compli.
A clutch release mechanism allows the operator to operate the clutch. Abstract a clutch plate is a significant component used in all motor vehicles nowadays, which is used to transmit power. This work sheds light upon how to optimize the design of the clutch plate, so as to deliver maximum performance and last longer. Apr 26, 2017 analyzing of different materials and decided which is best material for clutch. The detail study of clutch and modeling of clutch is done in proe software and the analysis is to be done in ansys software. A single plate clutch is consisting of various parts. In this paper, we design a multi plate clutch by using empirical formulas.
Friction materials clutch the answer lightduty clutches. The clutches are entirely selfcontained, and do not require additional bearing support. The kk clutch consists of a standard metric ball bearing combined with cams. The clutch design is unique, incorporating an independent camcage assembly installed alongside the offset ball cage. A wet clutch is operated in an oil batch whereas a dry clutch does not use oil. Design and analysis of clutch plate using steel material en gjs400 15steel by b. Pressure plate of a single plate clutch was modeled and ansys software was used for structural and thermal analysis. Dec 21, 2015 design and analysis of clutch plate for automatic single plate clutch ijsrdvol.
A much more power type of clutch is the single plate clutch as shown in which a single flat circular plate is gripped between the inside face of the flywheel and a clamping plate which is made to grip the clutch plate by means of clamping levers actuated by strong spring. Nivas 6 to reduce the cost of clutch plate material without affecting the life and effectiveness of the clutch plate, we modify other material low carbon steel for clutch plate. For designing of the diaphragm spring, 3d modelling software used is catia v5. Single plate dry and multi plate wet clutches where the carbon clutch is a improved develoment of one of clutches is considered to be carbon clutches figure 2. Analysis of single plate clutch 23 applying loads on single plate clutch applied pressures on single plate clutch analysis of single plate clutch. The optimization was carried out by reducing the number of discs in each clutch and brake and increasing the size of the discs so that there is no compromise in torque capacity. The modelling of clutch plate is done in solidworks software and the analysis is done in ansys software and the. The driven plate has a spring center vihralinn neutral. The design of single plate clutch is done for force motors new vehicle and is drawn by using theoretical calculation results.
The single plate clutch in the engaged from as well as in the disengaged from can be seen in fig. It is thin disc type metallic plate having both side frictional surfaces. The single plate clutch is modelled using creo parametric 2. Study the design aspects and function of wet type multi. By using the proe software the clutch was designed as shown in fig. This design usually works pretty well, but it does have a. Cad design software 109 career in mechanical 49 exam gate,ies 50 fabrication guide 86 hydraulic and pneumatic system 54 industrial engineering 101 interview guide 23 machine design 101 machine shop 96 manufacturing technology 142 material science 41 mechanical projects report 652 mechanical seminar 84 mechatronics. Structural and thermal analysis of single plate clutch. Conventional transmission system using single plate clutch has to perform 15 operations to shift from low speed to high speed, out of the 10 operations are clutch operations.
Single plate clutch assembly 3d cad model library grabcad. Fluid plays an important role in this type of clutch so some of their properties are discussed. This clutch is overwhelmed by the power of the engine, allowing only a fraction of the power to the wheels, much like slipping the clutch in a slower car, but working without. The flywheel is mounted on the crankshaft, and rotates with it. Study the design aspects and function of wet type multiplate. After achieving the goal of design, all parts will be ready for prototype manufacturing and assembly for a direct clutch system in an agricultural truck. Design and finite element analysis of an automotive clutch assembly. Pdf design and finite element analysis of an automotive. Necessity of single plate clutch 1 to transmit a large amount of torque single plate clutch required 2 response time to operate is very less compared to the multi plate clutch.
Mainly it consists of a clutch plate with both side friction lining and some other parts which helps in the proper functioning of a clutch like flywheel, pressure plate, thrust bearing, hub, springs and input mechanism for engaging and disengaging of clutch. Design of clutch the materials of clutch considered are aluminium alloys 7475, 6061 and composite materials s2 glass and kevlar. This design change produced lesser losses compared to the original design and showed. The figure 4 shows that the minimum factor of safety for the clutch plate is greater than 10. It has only one clutch plate, mounted on the splines of the clutch shaft. The 3d model of clutch plate was drafted using solid works software and analysis of the plate was done for static loading condition. Project report on design and analysis of electromagnetic. Hence making clutch operations automatic will reduce human effort. The pressure plate is fixed on the flywheel through the pressure plate is fixed on the. Finite element analysis, stress analysis, design optimization 1. Download pdf article of design and structural analysis of single plate friction clutch written by mr. Experimental analyses of automatic single plate clutch in. Structural analysis was done to obtain equivalent vonmisses stress and total.
Install the plates and discs in to the clutch in the following manner. The computeraided design cad files and all associated content posted to this website are created, uploaded, managed and owned by third party users. Oct 05, 2016 design and analysis of diaphragm spring of a single plate dry clutch ijste volume 2 issue 12 007 iii. One end of the band is attached to the fulcrum of the. The advantages of the dry single disc clutch were clear. This paper gives the general introduction to the arrangement, design and some basic concept of multi plate wet type clutch. Abstract clutch system is among the main systems inside a vehicle.
Single plate friction clutch the parts of a single plate clutch can be seen below. The travel losses on the pedal x axis present for the defined release force. Since there are n pars of friction surfaces in contact for a singleplate clutch, n 2, then the torque transmitted by a clutch is given by. Design and analysis of clutch plate for automatic single. This work contains stress analysis of single plate clutch of the automobile, in which the stresses and forces developed in the clutch is tried to reduce with the help of software approach. Clutch clamp load, diaphragm spring, dry clutch, single plate clutch. The single plate clutch basically consists of flywheel, pressure plate, clutch plate, friction plate, thrust and ball bearing clutch spring and nut and bolt arrangement. In single plate clutch only one clutch plate is used. Design optimization of a kevlar 29 single disk friction clutch plate based on static analysis using ansys abhijit devaraj department of mechanical engineering, bms college of engineering, bangalore, india. This work contains stress and thermal analysis of three different design variants of single plate friction clutch plate of the automobile tata super ace. Static structural analysis was done using ansys software.
In these devices, one shaft is typically attached to an engine or other power unit the driving member while the other shaft the driven member provides. It has only one clutch plate which is mounted on the splines of the clutch shaft. Necessity of single plate clutch 1 to transmit a large amount of torque single plate clutch required 2 response time to operate is very less compared to the multiplate clutch. In which we design a clutch plate model by catia software and then static structural analysis has to be done by using ansys software. A single one of these clutch plates as designed cannot hold more than a fraction of the power of the engine, so the driver starts with only the first clutch engaged.
A clutch is a machine member used to connect the driving shaft to a driven shaft, so that the driven shaft may be started or stopped at will, without stopping the driving shaft. A clutch is a mechanical device which engages and disengages power transmission especially from driving shaft to driven shaft in the simplest application, clutches connect and disconnect two rotating shafts drive shafts or line shafts. Design and analysis of clutch housing prototype for one. Chapter 10 automotive clutches, transmissions, and transaxles. Generally, it consists of the clutch pedal assembly, a mechanical linkage, cable, or hydraulic circuit, and the clutch fork. The friction plate is mounted on a hub which is splined from inside and thus free to slide over the gear box shaft.
A single plate is commonly used in cars and light vehicles. Clamp load calculation the axial force required for transmitting the torque is known as. Design and finite element analysis of an automotive clutch. Design and structural analysis of single plate friction clutch. A much more power type of clutch is the singleplate clutch as shown in which a single flat circular plate is gripped between the inside face of the flywheel and a clamping plate which is made to grip the clutch plate by means of clamping levers actuated by strong spring. The assembly comprises of the clutch plate, the pressure plate and a diaphragm spring. There are springs depending upon design arranged circumferentially, which provide axial force to keep the clutch in engaged position. Most light vehicles use a singleplate clutch to transmit torque from the engine to the transmission input shaft. In single plate clutch, a friction plate is held between flywheel and pressure plate. With the analysis results, we check whether the design is safe or not, comparing the result with theoretical calculation and theoretical results.
Clutch multiplate files 3d cad model library grabcad. Due to the clutch spring force, the clutch plate is gripped between the flywheel and the pressure plate. Pdf design and analysis of an automotive single plate clutch. Analysis of single plate clutch asbestos material input parameters youngs modulus164.
Most light vehicles use a single plate clutch to transmit torque from the engine to the transmission input shaft. Design and analysis of diaphragm spring of a single plate dry. Structural analysis of multiplate clutch request pdf. Project report on design and analysis of electromagnetic clutch 2.992 119 406 45 988 570 565 56 147 688 514 1257 829 119 1072 1293 1514 1558 721 599 1427 1245 377 939 94 270 1055 408